Fresh fish is one of the healthiest foods in the world. Fish that consists of various types of nutrients contain nutrients that are very beneficial for body health. In addition, fish can also be processed into various types of food which is not surprising if many people claim fresh fish as their daily diet.
Basically, fish can be processed into any food. This depends on the cook’s expertise and creativity. However, actually, the fish must be treated properly so that the nutritional content is not lost. There are a number of basic ways to keep fish fresh and nutritious.
Pre-processing Stages of Fresh Fish
Before being processed into a food, fresh fish must go through the stages of pre-processing. This stage aims to clean fish from dirt that may still be attached to the fish’s body. In addition, in some fish, this pre-processing stage also aims to reduce the fishy smell of the fish.
- Wash the fish clean
The first thing to do at this pre-processing stage is to wash the fish thoroughly using water. The purpose of this process is, of course, to remove the remaining dirt on the fish. In addition, at this stage, fish need to be cleaned inside, such as removing fish’s internal organs, removing stomach contents, and removing gills from the fish so as not to contaminate food later.
In some types of fish, it is also necessary to clean fish skin from scales that are still attached to the fish’s body. It is also necessary to get rid of some parts of the fish’s body if it can be harmful like sharp fish fins.
- Lather the fish using lemon water
After the fish is washed clean, the fish needs to be covered with lemon water, then let stand for a few minutes. This aims to reduce fishy odor in fish so that it can minimize changes in food taste due to the fishy smell in fish.
Lemon water contains chemical compounds that can eliminate fishy odors while killing bad bacteria that are still left in fish. As an alternative to lemon water, you can also use a vinegar solution.
- Freeze fish if it will not be used immediately
After all, stages have been completed, the fish is ready to be processed into various foods. However, if you do not want to process the fish directly, the fish must be immediately put into the freezer. This aims to maintain the freshness of the fish. Very cold temperatures can prevent fish from decaying, and also inhibit bacterial growth.
It’s Time to Cook the Fish!
It has been well known that fresh fish can indeed be processed into various types of cuisine. However, even cooking fish should not be done carelessly so that nutrients are not lost. There are several proper ways to cook fresh fish so that the nutritional content of fish is maintained.
Steaming is the best way to process fish into healthy food. Steamed fish will cook perfectly without losing its nutritional content. In addition, the process of steaming does not require additional ingredients such as oil or butter which can make food less healthy.
Boiled fish is also a good choice. Boiling fish doesn’t take too long. The fish is boiled enough for 10 minutes, and then the fish is cooked.
You can add a few spices such as salt, tomatoes, chili, or celery on a fish stew to taste the food. What’s more, fish that is processed by boiling is certainly healthier because it does not contain saturated fat which is usually found in fried fish.
Therefore, so that we can get health benefits from fresh fish, make sure we process them properly. It is highly recommended to avoid processing fish by frying; especially using the deep fried method because it can damage the nutritional content of fresh fish.